Alexandria or; Arabic: الإسكندرية al-Iskandariyyah; اسكندرية‎‎ Eskendereya; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ, Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ Alexandria, Rakotə) is the second largest city and a major economic centre in Egypt, extending about 32 km (20 mi) along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country. Its low elevation on the Nile delta makes it highly vulnerable to rising sea levels. Alexandria is Egypt’s largest seaport, serving approximately 80% of Egypt’s imports and exports. It is an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez. Alexandria is also an important tourist destination.

Alexandria was founded around a small Ancient Egyptian town c. 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It became an important center of the Hellenistic civilization and remained the capital of Hellenistic and Roman and Byzantine Egypt for almost 1000 years until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641, when a new capital was founded at Fustat (later absorbed into Cairo). Hellenistic Alexandria was best known for the Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; its Great Library (the largest in the ancient world; now replaced by a modern one); and the Necropolis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. Alexandria was the second most powerful city of the ancient world after Rome. Ongoing maritime archaeology in the harbor of Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealing details of Alexandria both before the arrival of Alexander, when a city named Rhacotis existed there, and during the Ptolemaic dynasty.

From the late 18th century, Alexandria became a major center of the international shipping industry and one of the most important trading centers in the world, both because it profited from the easy overland connection between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, and the lucrative trade in Egyptian cotton.



Montaza Royal Gardens

Main article: Montaza Royal Gardens
Coordinates: 31.2851346, 30.018529

31.2851346, 30.018529

Palais d’Antoniadis

Main article: Palais d’Antoniadis
Coordinates: 31.20222, 29.95083

31.20222, 29.95083

Shallalat Gardens

Main article: Shallalat Gardens
Coordinates: 31.20306, 29.91389

31.20306, 29.91389

Location: 31.202964, 29.913518

Alexandria University

Main article: Alexandria University
Coordinates: 31.20194, 29.90528

31.20194, 29.90528

Alexandria Zoo

Main article: Alexandria Zoo
Coordinates: 31.2050384, 29.9443692

31.2050384, 29.9443692

Maamoura Beach [Alexandria]

Main article: Maamoura Beach [Alexandria]
Coordinates: 31.28794, 30.032501

31.28794, 30.032501

El-Mursi Abul Abbas Mosque

Main article: El-Mursi Abul Abbas Mosque
Coordinates: 31.205472, 29.882167

31.205472, 29.882167

Alexandria Aquarium

Main article: Alexandria Aquarium
Coordinates: 31.2128, 29.8851

31.2128, 29.8851

Lycée Al-Horreya [Alexandria]

Main article: Lycée Al-Horreya [Alexandria]
Coordinates: 31.20944, 29.91972

31.20944, 29.91972

Alexandria Opera House

Main article: Alexandria Opera House
Coordinates: 31.1968708, 29.9017045

31.1968708, 29.9017045

Royal Jewelry Museum

Main article: Royal Jewelry Museum
Coordinates: 31.2407, 29.9630

31.2407, 29.9630

Alexandria National Museum

Main article: Alexandria National Museum
Coordinates: 31.200, 29.917

31.200, 29.917

Misr Train Station

Main article: Misr Train Station
Coordinates: 31.1930322, 29.9053484

31.1930322, 29.9053484

Ferdinand Magellan

Main article: Ferdinand Magellan
Coordinates: 31.200, 29.917

31.200, 29.917

San Stefano Grand Plaza

Main article: San Stefano Grand Plaza
Coordinates: 31.245553, 29.966654

31.245553, 29.966654

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